The European Socialist Network
European Socialists, Social Democrats and Progressives are active within the organs and configurations of the Party of European Socialists.
As a full PES member organisation, the Group of the Party of European Socialists (PES Group) in the Committee of the Regions fully participates in the works of different PES organs. The President of the PES Group and the President or First Vice-President of the CoR, if s/he is a PES member, regularly participate in the PES Leaders' meetings.
Moreover, the PES Group cooperates very closely with all full member organisations of the PES, organising joint campaigns and events, with a view to mainstreaming the local and regional dimension into the policy priorities of the PES and the broader PES Network.
The Party of European Socialists
The Party of European Socialists (PES) brings together 32 Socialist, Social Democratic and Labour Parties of the European Union as well as Norway, all of which are full member parties.
There are also eleven associate and ten observer parties, from within and beyond the EU. The PES has also 5 full member organisations: the political groups in the European Parliament and the Committee of the Regions, the two sectorial organisations PES Women and YES (Young European Socialists), and the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), which is the political foundation of the PES.
There are also three associate and nine observer organisations.
The President of the PES is Sergei Stanishev MEP, former Prime Minister of Bulgaria.
The PES was founded in 1992 in The Hague to succeed the Confederation of Socialist Parties of the European Community founded in 1973.
PES Women is the party’s women’s organisation led by Zita Gurmai MEP (Hungary).
The youth organisation of the PES - YES -Young European Socialists - was founded in 1992 and is chaired by João Albuquerque (PS, Portugal), Member of the National Executive
Board of Portugal's Socialist Youth (Juventude
Socialista – JS), which is the youth
organisation of the Portuguese
S&D - Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament
The "Socialist Group" was one of the first Political Groups to be founded. It was created on 23 June 1953 in the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community, predecessor of the European Union.
The Socialist Group in the European Parliament has been renamed
'Progressive Alliance of the Socialists & Democrats of Europe (S&D)',after the European elections in June 2009, when it was joined by new members from the Italian Democratic Party.
With 191 members out of 751 in total, the S&D Group is the second largest political group in the European Parliament.
The President of the S&D Group is Italian MEP Gianni Pittella.
FEPS - Foundation for European Progressive Studies
It undertakes research, information and training in the fields of political, social legal and economic science, more specifically in their European and international dimension.
The President of FEPS is Massimo D'Alema, former Prime Minister of Italy.
The Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) is the political foundation affiliated with the PES.
The PES in the other European Institutions
The European Commission
Eight of the twenty-eight Commissioners belong to PES member parties:
- Federica Mogherini, Vice-President,
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy;
- Frans Timmermans, First Vice-President, in charge of Better Regulation, Inter-institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights;
- Maroš Šefčovič, Vice-President, responsible for Energy Union;
- Pierre Moscovici, Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs;
- Corina Cretu, Commissioner in charge of Regional Policy;
- Neven Mimica, Commissioner for International Cooperation & Development
- Vytenis Andriukaitis, Commissioner for Health & Food Safety;
- Karmenu Vella, Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries.
The Council of the European Union
The following Member States are led by Socialist or Social Democrat Heads of Government or State:
Czech Republic (Bohuslav Sobotka), France (François Hollande), Malta (Joseph Muscat), Portugal (Antonio Costa), Slovakia (Robert Fico) and Sweden (Stefan Löfven).
Furthermore, PES member parties are in coalition governments in: Austria, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Romania and Slovenia.
Beyond the EU
One of the aims of the Party of European Socialists is to develop sustainable cooperation with international progressive movements and organisations, in the spirit of international solidarity.
It is in this context that the PES cooperates with the Global Progressive Forum and the Socialist International.
The Global Progressive Forum (GPF)
The GPF is a common initiative of the Party of European Socialists along with its political group in the European Parliament, and the Socialist International.
It aims to bring together a diversity of peoples from Africa, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, India, and Latin America to discuss and propose alternatives to the negative aspects of the current globalization process which specifically affects under-developed countries, third world and developing countries
The Socialist International is the worldwide organisation of social democratic, socialist and labour parties.
It currently brings together 162 political parties and organisations from all continents.
The Socialist International, whose origins go back to the early international organisations of the labour movement, has existed in its present form since 1951.
The President of Socialist International is George Papandreou, former Prime Minister of Greece.
The Progressive Alliance
The Progressive Alliance is a network of progressive, democratic, social-democratic, socialist and labour parties and party networks. The organisation was founded in May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.
Funded by voluntary contributions, its basic operational principles are the values of democracy, justice, solidarity and gender equality. Parallel and complementary to other associations operating at an international level, the Progressive Alliance builds on existing and evolving networks and forums.
The organisation provides a platform for formulating progressive joint answers to political challenges around the globe, for exchanging information and experience on election campaigns, for strengthening party organisation, supporting international campaigns and improving regional networking. The Progressive Alliance has a lean organisational concept and it cooperates with some 110 parties and 30 organisations across the world.
European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)
The ETUC promotes the common interests of workers, at European level.
Founded in 1973, it now represents 85 trade union organisations in 36 European countries, plus 10 industry-based federations.
The General Secretary Luca Visentini is the head and the spokesperson of the Confederation.
European Youth Forum
The European Youth Forum, which was established in 1996, is an independent, democratic, youth-led platform, representing national youth councils and international youth organisations from across Europe.
The Youth Forum works to empower young people to participate actively in society to improve their own lives, by representing and advocating their needs and interests and those of their organisations. The current President of the Forum is Luis Alvarado Martinez.
SOLIDAR is a European network of NGOs working
to advance social justice in Europe and worldwide.
With 59 member organisations based in 25 countries (20 of which are EU countries), member organisations are national NGOs in Europe, as well as some non-EU and EU-wide organisations.
The network's shared values are solidarity, equality and participation. The Secretary General Conny Reuter represents SOLIDAR and its values externally.
European Women's Lobby (EWL)
The EWL is the largest umbrella organisation of women's associations in the EU, working to promote women's rights and equality between women and men.
EWL membership extends to organisations in all 28 EU
Member States and the three candidate countries, as well as to 20 European-wide bodies, representing a total of more than 2000 organisations.